Система гандикапов и брейк-аут заезды

Заезд Понтиаков

Заезд Понтиаков

В сегодняшней статье мы расскажем о гандикапах и брейк-аут заездах в гонках по драг рейсингу. Американская Национальная Хот Род Ассоциация (NHRA) использует систему гандикапов, давая возможность автомобилям из разных категорий и гонщикам разного уровня подготовки соревноваться в одном заезде.

В сущности, эта система позволяет транспортным средствам участвовать в соревнованиях вне зависимости от их технических характеристик, мощности или опыта пилота. При заезде двух транспортных средств более медленному назначается гандикап, который уравнивает шансы участников соревнований.

В американских национальных соревнованиях по драг рейсингу существуют специальные национальные индексы, высчитывающие гандикапы для транспортных средств разных классов. Обширная гандикапная стартовая система позволяет гонщикам попробовать свои силы с автомобилями из категорий, находящихся значительно выше по уровню технического обеспечения.

Старт заезда

Старт заезда

Вот как это работает на примере, где участники самостоятельно указывают время прохождения ими трассы, в так называемых брейк-аут заездах (break out). Гонщик, управляющий автомобилем А, делает заявку (dial-in) на прохождение дистанции за 16.00 секунд, а гонщик-оппонент на автомобиле Б собирается пройти эту же дистанцию за 14.5 секунды. Таким образом, автомобиль А получает фору 1.5 секунды, либо эквивалентное сокращение дистанции.

Drag Racing 1967 Chevy

Drag Racing 1967 Chevy

Из особенностей брейк-аут заездов стоит отметить, что в случае прохождения гонщиками дистанции строго в указанное время победителем становится участник, продемонстрировавший лучшую реакцию на старте. В случае же, если гонщик проходит четверть мили быстрее заявленного времени он автоматически проигрывает гонку. Если оба гонщика приходят на финиш быстрее своих заявок, то победа назначается тому участнику, который максимально приблизился к заявленному времени. За преждевременный старт и старт на красный сигнал светофора гонщик автоматически дисквалифицируется, а победа присуждается оппоненту, даже если тот прошел дистанцию быстрее заявки.

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